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Catahoula Leopard Dog Information

Name Catahoula Leopard Dog
Other Name Catahoula hog dog, Catahoula Cur, Catahoula Hound, Leopard Dog
Origin United States
Build Type Medium
Life Cycle 12-14 years
Group Herding
Character Intelligent, Independent, Inquisitive, Gentle, Energetic, Loving, Caring
Height Male: 22-23 inches
Female: 20-22 inches
Weight Male: 40-80 pounds
Female: 40-80 pounds
Color Brindle, Black, Red, Yellow, Red Merle, Black Merle
Average price 500 US$


Good with Kids ★ ★ ★ ☆ ☆
Child Friendly ★ ★ ★ ★ ☆
Cat Friendly ★ ★ ☆ ☆ ☆
Dog Friendly ★ ☆ ☆ ☆ ☆
Trainability ★ ★ ★ ★ ☆
Shedding ★ ★ ☆ ☆ ☆
Watchdog ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
Intelligence ★ ★ ★ ★ ☆
Grooming ★ ★ ☆ ☆ ☆
Popularity ★ ★ ★ ☆ ☆
Adaptability ★ ★ ★ ☆ ☆
Hypoallergenic No

Catahoula Leopard Dog


With striking appearance and strong work ethic, the Catahoula Leopard Dog is a skilled herding dog breed. Tough structured dog, bred to work in forests and swamps, this breed needs an experienced owner with perfect leadership skills. They love to work all the time. Gentle and affectionate family companion, Catahoula Leopard Dog is easy to keep at home, playful, fun loving and excellent partner of children in yard games. They are intelligent, easygoing, wise, sociable, keen, devoted, loyal caring and strong protective house pet. They hold and enjoy bonding with family, a warmth friend and versatile companion. This breed is reserved around strangers with strong sense of territory; they would not let any unknown human or predator to enter in its boundaries. This breed is a wise selection of farmers, ranchers, active singles and for families with older children. Their high energies need healthy exercise daily.

The Catahoula Leopard Dog is a medium-sized dog covered in tight, short and dense coat available in number of colors including merle, chocolate, yellow and brindle. Its medium-length muzzle is fitted on its flat and broader head. Eyes are sparkling with blue or white shine; ears are long and hang close to cheek. This dog has deep chest, strong back, solid and sturdy legs while long tails hanging low. Their watchful stance is keen; gait is free, easygoing with good reach and drive. They hold good grasp over terrain, flexible maneuverability and sharp reactions. Their body is rightly proportioned to penetrate through dense passages and across the flock. Its overall expression is poised, calm but powerful and alert look.

This breed is named after its area of origin that is Catahoula, of northern Louisiana. The development history of this breed is not certain due to lack of documented record. The dog is believed to be a cross between various Mastiffs, Bloodhounds, Greyhounds brought by Spanish settlers with Native American Indian dogs during 16th century. At that time the forests were full of packs of wild hogs and cattle. The Catahoula Leopard Dogs were able to herd these packs in an organized manner by surrounding them into a circle till the human master arrive. Their actual power was their unity, as they attack in the form of group usually of three members at least; otherwise they were easy target for a single pig if facing one by one. This breed had also accompanied the hunters in treeing the raccoons but the most favorite application for them was to herd and drive large animals including hogs and wild cattle. This dog has the honor of being State dog of Louisiana in 1979.


The Catahoula Leopard Dog is an independent, intelligent, territorial and protective. They establish strong bonding with family, stay touched with people who love them, affectionate to children and well behaved with other pets. Quite reserved with strangers, they hold inquisitive rather suspicious trait to unknown persons and strange dogs. They are not satisfied with just barking to intruders yet dare to mess if challenged. They tend to welcome known family friends; usually they smell the person being introduced to them for their positive recognition in future.

Being strong territorial and independent, they need early socialization for housebreak. They would be cooperative and harmonious with other animals at home if all of the pets are grown together. Introduce them with new peoples, pets, places and surrounding society on very early age. This breed is dominating and would need strong owner with perfect leadership qualities. It is important for owner that he should enforce natural order of the pack in which dog is always below the human beings. Always be polite, firm, confident and gentle while training, they do not respond well to harsh training methods.

This breed would be a wonderful house pet if kept well exercised. Accompany them on long walks, jogs and running sessions besides vigorous play session in yard. Remember an unsatisfied dog would be too boisterous in the house with young kids and may build destructive attitudes. They may become more vocal with excessive barking, digging and chewing. They tend to get slightly aggressive to other dogs of same sex.

Owner Should Know

  1. The Catahoula Leopard Dog enjoy strong bonding with family, they suffer separation anxiety if isolated from family for a very long period.
  2. They tend to be aggressive to strange dogs, they should not be trusted off leashed or should be kept in secured fenced yard.
  3. They are highly energetic and demands healthy amount of daily exercise. They should be kept satisfied by their physical exertion to maintain harmony in the house.
  4. They need weekly brushing of their coat to remove dead hairs. They are moderate shedders.
  5. They must be introduced with new peoples, pets and places in very early ages.
  6. They are not suitable for first time dog owner; they need strong dominating owner who can demonstrate true leadership.
  7. Being wary of stranger, they are perfect watchdogs.
  8. Seek for reputed and trustworthy breeders or supplier to get healthy puppies, ensure puppies are clinically checked and are disease free.

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